20 de dezembro de 2020

The Queensland fruit fly is a species of fly in the family Tephritidae in the insect order Diptera. Similarly, the Queensland fruit fly (Bactrocera tyroni) is responsible for more than $28.5 million in damage to Australian fruit crops a year. Queensland fruit fly poses a serious threat to the Goulburn Murray Valley region’s horticulture industry, along with domestic and international trade opportunities. Queensland fruit fly has also been recorded from 60 wild hosts, belonging to the following families: Anacardiaceae, Annonaceae, Apocynaceae, Capparidaceae, Celastraceae, Combretaceae, Cunoniaceae, Davidsoniaceae, Ebenaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae, Meliaceae, Moraceae, Myrtaceae, Naucleaceae, Oleaceae, Passifloraceae, Rhamnaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Sapotaceae, Siphonodontaceae, … Member species occur widely in Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands. Australian citrus growers and crop consultants have reported observable differences in susceptibility of different citrus cultivars under commercial growing conditions. The high risk period for fruit flies is September to June. Fruit flies (Tephritidae). Fruit flies of economic significance: Their identification and bionomics. Head to the right. B. tyroni is native to subtropical coastal Queensland and northern New South Wales. Immature stages are similar in appearance to those of other Bactrocera. 1960. It is now widespread in New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Pitcairn Islands. Queensland fruit flies lay eggs in maturing and ripe fruit on trees and sometimes in fallen fruit. Males attracted to cue lure (White and Elson-Harris 1994). QUEENSLAND FRUIT FLY Queensland fruit flies (Bactrocera tryoni) are native to subtropical coastal Queensland and northern New South Wales and are commonly found in eastern Australia. Tephritis tryoni Froggatt. Control for each season. Wild hosts include passionflower, Passiflora spp., and Eugenia spp. The humeri, or shoulders, are pale yellow, also. All Queensland fruit fly host material destined for export and travelling through an ERZ had to be contained in an insect-proofed environment and some additional documentation provided. Host Plant Check ListHost Plant Check List The Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), occurs in climates ranging from temperate to tropical. Queensland fruit flies can attack a wide range of fruit, fruiting vegetables and native fruiting plants. Wild hosts include passionflower, Passiflora spp., and Eugenia spp. Adult female Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt). Within its range, it is one of the most important pests with which pome and stone fruit growers have to contend, and at times it has been a very destructive pest of citrus. QFF has the potential to infest a wide range of horticultural crops, garden plants, native plants and weeds. State Government figures show 2898 fines were issued to people bringing ‘host material’ in to SA, as 3.8 tonnes of fruit and vegetables were seized at Yamba. 2000): Anacardium occidentale (cashew) Annona atemoya (atemoya) Annona glabra (pond apple) Annona muricata (soursop) Annona reticula (bullock’s heart) Averrhoa carambola (carambola) Capsicum annuum (capsicum) Capsicum annuum (chilli) Carica papaya (papaya) Casimiroa edulis (white sapote) Chryosphyllum cainito (star apple) Pupation normally occurs in the soil. Cooperative Economic Insect Report 7: 1-687. Figure 3. the female. The larvae then hatch and proceed to consume the fruit, causing the fruit to decay and drop prematurely. Adult female +-9-10 mm Adult female +-6 mm Jack Kelly Clark Fruit that requires certification must be treated for QFF. Adult females, after passing through a two-week pre-oviposition stage following emergence from the pupae, deposit eggs in groups, up to seven eggs per group, in fruit punctures. 2015, Doorenweerd et al. In 1989, B. tryoni became established in Perth, Western Australia, but an eradication campaign using baits, male lures and sterile insect techniques eradicated it (White and Elson-Harris 1994, CSIRO 2004, GISD 2011). Oxon, UK. 1994. 1950, January 30. The ensuing larval development may be completed in as little as five days. The Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), occurs in climates ranging from temperate to tropical. In warmer regions they might have already completed a full life cycle or more, while in cooler areas they might only just be becoming active.. At this time of year adult flies are feeding, breeding, searching for suitable hosts, and laying eggs in suitable host crops. Strumeta tryoni (Froggatt) Larva of Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt). Forewarned is forearmed: Queensland fruit flies detect olfactory cues from predators and respond with … Note: This list is current as of the date of issue. Chaetodacus tryoni (Froggatt) The adult flies congregate on foliage and fruit to feed on bacterial colonies and later to mate. JOSH BYRNE: There are over 200 species of Fruit Fly in Australia. Attractants. Females often oviposit in punctures made by other fruit flies such as those of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), with the result that many eggs often occur in a single cavity. The spread of Queensland fruit fly in the egg or larva form is limited by the combination of: • no movement of untreated host produce from properties in the Infected Area • no movement of any host produce out of the Control Area • treatments undertaken as part of the Queensland fruit fly response After 2-6 weeks under Tasmanian conditions, The Queensland Fruit Fly, like many unwelcome guests, can be hard to budge. (Myrtaceae). Queensland Fruit fly (. Figure 1. It was twice detected on Easter Island, but eradicated (White and Elson-Harris 1994, GISD 2011). Oakley RG. Fruit flies are the kiwifruit industry's most unwanted biosecurity threat. Despite this pressure, the pest has historically been absent from the Yarra Valley region, allowing fruit and vegetable production to thrive without intervention from expensive and intensive QFF management techniques. 1957. Leblanc L, Vueti E … The adult female is approximately 6 mm long, has a wing expanse of 10 to 12 mm, and has mostly transparent wings marked with brown. Annual Review of Entomology 5: 171–192. A survey of travellers carrying host fruit of Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), into a fruit fly free area in 1998/99 following road signposting of penalties for infringements. Christenson LD, Foote RH. 1-75. Anonymous. Bactrocera tryoni appears to be almost as destructive to fruit production in its Australian range as the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalisHendel, is in countries where it appears. Photograph by James Niland. This species lays eggs in a wide variety of unripe fruit hosts, causing them to rot prior to ripening. Queensland Fruit Fly (Bactrocera tryoni)Queensland Fruit Fly was found in metropolitan Melbourne in January 2008. Occasional flies are trapped in the Austral and Society Islands in the Pacific. They are a very serious pest of a wide variety of fruit and vegetables and winegrapes are a host. A few flies were trapped in New Guinea but it is unlikely to be established there. Unlike several of the other most important fruit fly pests, B. tryoni does not breed continuously but passes the winter in the adult stage. The maggots (larvae) hatch and the fruit is destroyed by the feeding maggots and by associated fruit decay. This is a matter of very great concern. 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